MCQs Chapter 8 (Nursing)

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MCQs no 351 t- 400

  1. Varicosities are usually examined:
    1. With the patient standing
    2. With the patient lying flat
    3. With the patient in the left lateral position
    4. After the patient has had a hot bath
  2. Vascular competency can be tested by:
    1. Perthes’ test
    2. Trendelenburg test
    3. Von Willebrand test
    4. Needle biops
  3. Pneumocephalus occurs when:
    1. Air enters the cranium
    2. The patient also has pneumonia
    3. The head is tilted below heart level
    4. There is raised intracranial pressure
  4. Reasons for craniotomy include:
    1. Biopsy of tissue
    2. Evacuation of haematoma
    3. Clipping of aneurysm
    4. All of the above
  5. An aneurysm is:
    1. A bulging in the weak wall of an artery
    2. A bulging in the wall of a vein
    3. A bulging in the weak wall of the heart
    4. A bulging in the pleural cavity
  6. Most early complications in postoperative craniotomy occur within:
    1. The first week after surgery
    2. The first 6 hours after surgery
    3. The first month after surgery
    4. The first 8 hours after surgery
  7. The signs and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure include:
    1. Hypotension and tachycardia
    2. Hypertension and tachycardia
    3. Hypertension and bradycardia
    4. Hypotension and bradycardia
  8. The circle of Willis is located:
    1. At the base of the brain
    2. In the spinal column
    3. Within the dura mater
    4. Within the pia mater
  9. The term hemiparesis refers to:
    1. Weakness of the eyelid
    2. Inability of the patient to use their sense of smell
    3. Weakness below the level of the chin
    4. Weakness on one side of the body
  10. Causes of aneurysm can include:
    1. Hypertension
    2. Trauma
    3. Genetics
    4. All of the above
  11. The appendix is located in:
    1. The left antecubital fossa
    2. The left iliac fossa
    3. The right antecbuital fossa
    4. The right iliac fossa
  12. The appendix is usually:
    1. 1–2 cm long
    2. 5– 10 cm long
    3. 10–12 cm long
    4. 12–15 cm long
  13. Appendicitis in the UK is the most common cause of:
    1. Urinary tract infection
    2. Ectopic pregnancy
    3. Acute abdomen
    4. Constipation
  14. Side effects of antibiotics can include:
    1. Diarrhoea
    2. Rash
    3. Nausea and vomiting
    4. All of the above
  15. A hemicolectomy results in the:
    1. Removal of all of the colon
    2. Removal of half of the colon
    3. Formation of a colostomy
    4. Formation of an ileostomy
  16. The large intestine is approximately:
    1. 0.5 m long
    2. 1.0 m long
    3. 1.5 m long
    4. 2.0 m long
  17. Heparin is a form of:
    1. Analgesia
    2. Anticoagulant
    3. Antibiotic
    4. Antispasmodic
  18. Paralytic ileus can cause:
    1. Dumping syndrome
    2. Allergy
    3. Vomiting
    4. Infection
  19. In bariatric surgery, gastric stimulation involves:
    1. External abdominal massage
    2. The insertion of an inflatable gastric balloon
    3. The insertion of a pacemaker device
    4. The application of TENS
  20. In adjustable gastric banding:
    1. An inflatable gastric balloon is inserted
    2. The surgeon places a constricting ring around the stomach, below the gastro-oesphageal junction
    3. The surgeon places a constricting ring around the upper oesophagus
    4. The surgeon places a constricting ring around the duodenum
  21. Micronutrient deficiency:
    1. Is n expected postoperative problem
    2. Only occurs where person’s BMI is in excess of 45
    3. Is a potential postoperative problem
    4. Never occurs
  22. Gastric surgery:
    1. Is not available on the NHS
    2. Can only be performed in specialised centres
    3. Is risk free
    4. None of the above
  23. Arthroscopy:
    1. Is considered major surgery
    2. Is considered minimally invasive
    3. Is risk free
    4. Causes arthritis
  24. The medial meniscus:
    1. Is located on the inside of the knee
    2. Is located on the outside of the knee
    3. Is also called the patella
    4. Is made of bone
  25. Medial and lateral and collateral ligaments:
    1. Are prone to destruction
    2. Are also known as the patella
    3. Stabilise the knee from side to side
    4. Do not afford any movement
  26. The key aim of meniscus surgery is to:
    1. Reduce swelling
    2. Prevent movement
    3. Provide access to the patella
    4. Save the meniscus
  27. Transtibial amputation results in amputation at:
    1. The ankle
    2. Midcalf
    3. Midthigh
    4. The knee joint
  28. The most common reason why amputation is performed is:
    1. Due to peripheral vascular disease
    2. Due to trauma
    3. As a result of infection
    4. Due to congenital disease
  29. One of the major challenges of amputation is:
    1. Regaining balance
    2. Overcoming stigma
    3. Susceptibility to trauma
    4. Risk of osteomyelitis
  30. Major concerns in the postoperative period are:
    1. Insomnia
    2. Haemorrhage and oedema
    3. Malnutrition
    4. Constipation
  31. The lamina is found:
    1. On the anterior aspect of the vertebra
    2. On the posterior aspect of the vertebra
    3. On the lateral aspect of the vertebra
    4. In the spinal canal
  32. Sciatica occurs:
    1. When the person sits for too long
    2. When nerves in the leg are inflamed
    3. When nerve pain is transmitted down a lower extremity
    4. If there is any neuritis
  33. Cauda equina syndrome is:
    1. A surgical emergency
    2. A medical emergency
    3. Related to hypertension
    4. Related to hypotension
  34. Cervical, thoracic and lumbar laminectomy is often performed on:
    1. People who are already paralysed
    2. Those with spinal stenosis
    3. People who have a poor prognosis
    4. Those who are unfit for other type of spinal surgery
  35. Oxytocin is:
    1. A hormone that stimulates testicular activity
    2. A carcinoma of the uterus
    3. Responsible for stimulation of the uterus
    4. A male sex hormone
  36. The pituitary gland is also known as:
    1. The policeman of the brain
    2. The blood–brain barrier
    3. The micro gland
    4. The master gland
  37. In the first 24 hours post hypophysectomy the nurse checks for:
    1. The person’s inability to feel their toes
    2. The warm and sensation of the lower limbs
    3. Extraocular movements
    4. All of the abov
  38. Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy is also known as:
    1. Endoscopic transsphenoidal resection
    2. Pituitectomy
    3. Rhinoplasty
    4. Parahypophysectomy
  39. Excessive production of the thyroid hormone is known as:
    1. Hyperparathyroidism
    2. Hypoparathyroidism
    3. Hyperthyroidism
    4. Hypothyroidism
  40. Graves’ disease is:
    1. A malignant tumour
    2. A benign tumour
    3. An infection
    4. An autoimmune disorder
  41. Causes of hypothyroidism include:
    1. Thyroid cancer, viral thyroiditis, postpartum thyroiditis
    2. Thyroid cancer, brain tumour, postpartum thyroiditis
    3. Thyroid cancer, viral thyroiditis, meningitis
    4. Thyroid cancer, viral thyroiditis, postpartum haemorrhage
  42. Carbimazole is:
    1. A drug used to reduce anxiety
    2. A type of radiotherapy
    3. A drug used to reduce thyroid function
    4. ]A drug used to increase thyroid function
  43. Orchidectomy may be performed to:
    1. Treat prostate cancer
    2. Treat breast cancer
    3. Treat testicular cancer
    4. All of the above
  44. Inguinal orchidectomy is:
    1. Performed only on those men who require bilateral orchidectomy
    2. Performed only on those men who require unilateral orchidectomy
    3. Performed under general anaesthetic
    4. Performed under local anaesthetic
  45. Testosterone:
    1. Is a male sex hormone
    2. Is a female sex hormone
    3. Is present only in pubescent males
    4. All of the above
  46. Post orchidectomy the man:
    1. Will be infertile
    2. Will be unable to orgasm
    3. Can only father children if he has banked sperm preoperatively
    4. None of the above
  47. Another name for vasectomy is:
    1. Orchidectomy
    2. Vasotomy
    3. Sterilisation
    4. Oophorectomy
  48. The two types of vasectomy are:
    1. Direct and indirect
    2. Incision and non-incisional
    3. Incisional and direct
    4. Non-incisional and indirect
  49. The term azoospermia refers to:
    1. Inability to produce sperm
    2. Reduction in the amount of sperm produced
    3. No sperm produced
    4. Defective sperm production
  50. Spermatogenesis refers to:
    1. The process in which sperm are produced
    2. The production of excessive sperm
    3. The production of sperm
    4. None of the above

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