MCQs Chapter 7 (Nursing)

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5000+ MCQs for Nursing Students and Nursing Interviews and Other Nursing Plateforms like NTS, HAAD, DHA, MOH, and other Exames.

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MCQs no 301 t- 350

  1. Gonioscopy refers to:
    1. Raised intraocular pressure
    2. An instrument used to measure the angle in the eye where the iris meets the cornea
    3. Damage to the cornea
    4. An instrument used to assess for colour blindness
  2. The approximate percentage of people who are underdiagnosed with glaucoma is:
    1. 65%
    2. 60%
    3. 55%
    4. 50%
  3. Prostaglandin analogues work by:
    1. Decreasing production of intraocular fluid
    2. Decreasing production of fluid and increasing drainage
    3. Increasing outflow of intraocular fluid from the eye
    4. Reducing infection
  4. Trabeculectomy refers to:
    1. A type of prosthesis
    2. A surgical procedure used to relieve intraocular pressure
    3. A surgical procedure used to increase intraocular pressure
    4. A surgical procedure used to dilate the pupil
  5. The Snellen chart is used to:
    1. Measure intraocular pressure
    2. Measure eye pain
    3. Measure visual acuity
    4. Assess the degree of colour blindness
  6. The conjunctiva is composed of how many regions or sections?
    1. 4
    2. 3
    3. 2
    4. 1
  7. Blepharitis refers to:
    1. Inflammation of the conjunctiva
    2. Inflammation of the eyelids
    3. Inflammation of the retina
    4. Pain in the eye
  8. Most cases of conjunctivitis:
    1. Lead to long-term damage
    2. Will need antibiotic therapy
    3. Will require surgery
    4. Are self-limiting and do not require treatment
  9. AMD:
    1. Is an infectious condition
    2. Is caused by a virus
    3. Is the major cause of blindness in the developed world 1
    4. Leads to diabetes mellitus
  10. In the early stage of AMD the person:
    1. Is infectious
    2. May be asymptomatic
    3. Will be nauseous and will vomit
    4. Loses sight immediately
  11. A fluorescent angiogram:
    1. Helps to identify if there are any leaking blood vessels
    2. Is risk free
    3. Is only undertaken in exceptional circumstances
    4. Is non-invasive
  12. Primary AMD affects:
    1. The peripheral vision
    2. The central and colour vision
    3. The person’s ability to co-ordinate
    4. The person’s ability to see in the dark
  13. Ablative surgery refers to:
    1. Surgery aimed to relieve pain or reduce symptoms caused by a disease
    2. Surgery that replaces malfunctioning structures
    3. Surgery used to restore structure or function
    4. Surgery carried out in order to remove disease body parts
  14. Minimally invasive surgery is also known as:
    1. Constructive surgery
    2. Keyhole surgery
    3. Ablative surgery
    4. Palliative surgery
  15. An anxiolytic is:
    1. A drug used to dry up secretions
    2. A type of anaesthetic
    3. A medication or any other intervention that relieves anxiety 1
    4. A controlled drug
  16. Antiembolic stockings can help to reduce:
    1. Thromboembolism
    2. Pain
    3. Pressure sores
    4. Contractures
  17. The intraoperative phase begins when:
    1. The patient arrives in the theatre department
    2. The patient leaves the recovery room
    3. The patient arrives in the operating theatre
    4. The surgeon makes the first incision
  18. Successful communication has three main components:
    1. Verbal, non-verbal and ambient
    2. Listening, eye contact and responding
    3. Paying attention, paraphrasing and reporting
    4. Sender, receiver and message
  19. In perioperative care there is a close link between:
    1. Communication and technique
    2. Communication and infection control
    3. Communication and safety
    4. All of the above
  20. The overarching aim of performing preoperative checks is to:
    1. Comply with trust policy
    2. Comply with Royal College of Nursing’s Code of Conduct
    3. Reduce the risk of errors occurring
    4. None of the above
  21. The six physiological parameters associated with NEWS are:
    1. Respiratory rate, pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, temperature, level of consciousness and oxygen saturation
    2. Respiratory rate, pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, temperature, level of pain and oxygen saturation
    3. Respiratory rate, pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, temperature, level of consciousness and amount of urine passed
    4. Respiratory rate, blood glucose, systolic blood pressure, temperature, level of consciousness and oxygen saturation
  22. The acronym SBAR refers to:
    1. Sensation, Background, Assessment and Recommendation
    2. Situation, Belief, Assessment and Recommendation
    3. Situation, Background, Assessment and Recommendation
    4. Situation, Background, Assessment and Relate
  23. An acceptable oxygen saturation on air would be:
    1. Above 95%
    2. Above 60%
    3. Above 75%
    4. Above 85%
  24. In nasogastric drainage the nurse should note:
    1. The acidity of drainage
    2. The odour of drainage
    3. The colour, amount and type
    4. All of the above
  25. In wedge resection:
    1. The whole lung is removed
    2. An aspect of lung tissue is removed
    3. A biopsy is taken
    4. None of the above
  26. Segmentectomy:
    1. Refers to type of chemotherapy
    2. Concerns the spleen
    3. Involves removal of part of one of the lobes of the lung
    4. Involves bilateral pneumonectomy
  27. How many lobes does the left lung have?
    1. 1
    2. 2
    3. 3
    4. 4
  28. The mediastinum contains the:
    1. Heart and liver
    2. Heart, lungs, trachea, great vessels, oesophagus
    3. Kidneys, lungs, great vessels
    4. Heart, stomach, oesophagus
  29. The right lung has how many lobes?
    1. 1
    2. 2
    3. 3
    4. 4
  30. The term tachypnoea refers to:
    1. Cessation of breathing
    2. Cheyne–Stokes breathing
    3. A reduction in respiratory rate
    4. An increase in respiratory rate
  31. The pleural space is:
    1. A potential space
    2. A space infected
    3. A cavity around the heart
    4. Also known as the diaphragm
  32. Haemothorax is:
    1. A collection of air in the pleural space
    2. A collection of pus in the pleural space
    3. A collection of blood in the pleural space
    4. A collection of synovial fluid in the pleural space
  33. The study of blood is called:
    1. Cytology
    2. Histopathology
    3. Haematology
    4. Sociology
  34. A red blood cell is said to last for:
    1. 12 days
    2. 20 days
    3. 100 days
    4. 120 days
  35. Another name for stem cell transplantation is:
    1. Bone marrow transplant
    2. Spleen transplantation
    3. Biopsy
    4. Chemotherapy
  36. In stem cell transplantation antibiotics, immunosuppressant medication and steroids can be given to treat:
    1. Shock
    2. Haemorrhage
    3. Graft-versus-host disease
    4. Infection
  37. The spleen is part of the:
    1. Cardiovascular system
    2. Reticuloendothelial system
    3. Gastrointestinal system
    4. Urinary system
  38. The spleen is what colour?
    1. Bright red
    2. Purple
    3. Blue
    4. Light red
  39. Result in death
    1. Render a man infertile
    2. Cause urinary tract infections
    3. None of the above
  40. When the spleen is performing poorly this is known as:
    1. Splenomegaly
    2. Hepatomegaly
    3. Hyposplenism
    4. Hypersplenism
  41. The key objective in coronary artery bypass graft is to:
    1. Extend life
    2. Improve blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart
    3. Improve blood flow and oxygen supply to the lungs
    4. Relieve pain
  42. Most coronary artery bypass grafts are performed on:
    1. Women aged 60 years and over
    2. Men with lung cancer
    3. Women with lung cancer
    4. Men who are aged 60 years and over
  43. Atrial fibrillation is:
    1. A type of infection
    2. A dysrhythmia
    3. A malignant condition
    4. More common in people who are physically active
  44. In postoperative coronary artery bypass graft the person should be encouraged to:
    1. Reduce mobility
    2. Drink 3 L of fluid as soon as possible
    3. Splint the incision when coughing and moving
    4. Close the eyes when coughing
  45. Cardiac valves allow for:
    1. One-way, low-resistance blood flow
    2. Two-way, low-resistance blood flow
    3. One-way, high-resistance blood flow
    4. Two-way, high-resistance blood flow
  46. Abnormality of the valve is identified as:
    1. Dilation or regurgitation
    2. Stenosis, regurgitation or dilation
    3. Stenosis or regurgitation
    4. Regurgitation
  47. The valve most commonly replaced is the:
    1. Ileocaecal valve
    2. Aortic valve
    3. Pulmonary valve
    4. Hydrocephalic valve
  48. The valve most likely to be repaired is:
    1. The pulmonary valve
    2. The mitral valve
    3. The aortic valve
    4. The hydrocephalic valve
  49. Varicose veins are often:
    1. Long and thick
    2. Short and thin
    3. Dilated and tortuous
    4. Constricted and tortuous
  50. Varicose veins are more prevalent:
    1. In women
    2. In men
    3. In white men
    4. In older people

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