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MCQs Chapter 4 (Nursing)

5000+ MCQs for Nursing Students and Nursing Interviews and Other Nursing Plateforms like NTS, HAAD, DHA, MOH, and other Exames.

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MCQs no 151 t- 200

  1. Assessment of the patient’s nutritional needs should take into account:
    1. Age, ethnicity, weight and social status
    2. Age, ethnicity, weight, religion and social status
    3. Physiological needs, religion, cultural and age-related needs, requirements and requests
    4. Age, height and weight
  2. Biometrical impedance refers to:
    1. Malnutrition
    2. Another term for BMI
    3. An electrical measurement of total body water compared to body fat
    4. The amount of electrical activity in a muscle
  3. Body mass index:
    1. Is a measure of body fat based on height and weight
    2. Is no longer used to assess fat based on height and weight
    3. Can be only be applied to men
    4. Can only be applied to women
  4. Anthropometric measurements include:
    1. Neck to head circumference, mid upper arm circumference and skinfold thickness
    2. Mid upper thigh circumference and skinfold thickness
    3. Waist circumference, mid upper arm circumference and skinfold thickness
    4. Hip to waist ratio, mid upper arm circumference and skinfold thickness
  5. A man is 1.64 m high and weights 72 kg. What is his BMI?
    1. 27.6
    2. 26.7
    3. 37.6
    4. 36.7
  6. Pain is assessed by:
    1. Listening to the heart rate when the patient is at rest
    2. The use of observation, questioning and assessment tools
    3. A calculation of the heart rate multiplied by the respiratory rate
    4. Measuring the amount of glucose in the urine
  7. Nociceptive pain is caused by:
    1. Excessive burns
    2. The activation of the pineal gland
    3. The stimulation of the adrenal cortex
    4. The activation of nerve receptors by a noxious stimulus
  8. Neuropathic pain results from:
    1. Brain injury
    2. Damage to the spinal cord
    3. A malfunctioning of the peripheral or central nervous system
    4. Poor communication
  9. The three Ps of pain are:
    1. Posture, physiological care and pharmacology
    2. Physical care, physiological care and position
    3. Physical care, psychological care and pharmacology
    4. Physical care, physiological care and pharmacology
  10. In which of the following situations should hand hygiene be performed?
    1. Before direct contact with a patient
    2. Prior to inserting a urinary catheter
    3. After removing a bed pan
    4. All of the above
  11. How are antibiotic-resistant pathogens most commonly spread from one patient to another in healthcare settings?
    1. Poor environmental cleaning
    2. Cross-infection
    3. Patients coming into contact with contaminated equipment
    4. Airborne spread
  12. What is the most important reason for healthcare workers to practise good hand hygiene?
    1. To remove visible soiling from hands
    2. To comply with legislation
    3. To protect staff
    4. To prevent infections that patients acquire in the hospital or residential care setting
  13. Which hand hygiene method is best at killing bacteria?
    1. Antimicrobial soap and water
    2. Alcohol-based had rub
    3. Hot running water
    4. None of the above
  14. The objective of Standard Precautions is to prevent the spread of infection within the healthcare institution:
    1. From patient to patient
    2. From patient to staff
    3. From staff to patient
    4. From staff to staff
    5. All of the above
  15. Droplet infection occurs when:
    1. The nurse is too close to the patient
    2. The patient has acquired an infection through an infected water supply
    3. Coughing, sneezing or talking contact susceptible mucosal surfaces, such as the eyes, nose or mouth
    4. The transfer of micro-organisms results from direct physical contact between an infected or colonised individual and a susceptible host
  16. Infectious agents are:
    1. Biological agents that cause disease or illness to their hosts
    2. Nuclear agents that cause disease or illness to their hosts
    3. Biological agents that do not cause disease or illness to their hosts
    4. Nuclear agents that do not cause disease or illness to their hosts
  17. Personal protective equipment (PPE) is implemented to:
    1. Protect patients from risks of infection.
    2. Protect healthcare workers and patients from risks of infection
    3. Protect healthcare workers from risks of infection
    4. Protect healthcare workers and patients from risks of radiation
  18. World AIDS Day is;
    1. May 12th
    2. December 1st
    3. July 4th
    4. April 1st
  19. Which usually rare cancer is associated with HIV?
    1. Astrocytoma
    2. Mesothelioma
    3. Penile cancer
    4. Kaposi’s sarcoma
  20. After taking an HIV antibody test the patient is required to wait:
    1. 30 days
    2. 1 hour
    3. 30 minutes
    4. 10 minutes
  21. In the context of HIV prevention what does PRP stand for?
    1. Pre-exposure prophylaxis
    2. Postexposure prophylaxis
    3. Postexposure pneumonia
    4. Pre-exposure pneumonia
  22. In patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, the immune system is:
    1. Underactive
    2. Overactive
    3. Inactive
    4. None of the above
  23. The ‘butterfly’ rash often seen in some pople with systemic lupus erythematosus is found on:
    1. The back
    2. The legs
    3. The face
    4. The neck
  24. Systemic lupus erythematosus is seen more in:
    1. Men
    2. Children and women
    3. Men and children
    4. Women
  25. Irritable bowel syndrome is most common in:
    1. Older white males
    2. Children
    3. Young black women
    4. Women
  26. People with irritable bowel syndrome for longer than 10 years:
    1. Will need a hemicolectomy
    2. Will get cancer
    3. Will be unable to have children
    4. None of the above
  27. People with irritable bowel syndrome often suffer with:
    1. Diarrhoea
    2. Urinary tract infections
    3. Diarrhoea and constipation
    4. Constipation
  28. In irritable bowel syndrome antibiotics are:
    1. The drug of choice for treatment
    2. Used a pain relief
    3. Ineffective
    4. Only prescribed in those over 18 years
  29. Asthma is:
    1. Caused by a virus
    2. Caused by a fungus
    3. Caused by a bacterium
    4. None of the above
  30. Asthma can be triggered by:
    1. House dust mite
    2. Emotional and environmental factors
    3. Emotional factors only
    4. Environmental factors only
  31. Asthma causes:
    1. Dilation and inflammation of the airways in the lungs
    2. Constriction and inflammation of the lungs
    3. Inflammation of the lungs
    4. Dilation of the airways
  32. Asthma is more common in:
    1. Children under 5
    2. Children between 5 and 10
    3. People between 10 and 30
    4. People over 40
  33. Pulmonary embolism is:
    1. An infectious disease
    2. A medical emergency
    3. A type of cancer
    4. An autoimmune disease
  34. D-dimer fibrin is:
    1. A type of X-ray
    2. A type of endoscopic examination
    3. A blood test used to rule out active blood clot formation
    4. A blood test used to identify inflammation
  35. The term haemoptysis refers to:
    1. The presence of blood in the urine
    2. The presence of blood in the vomit
    3. The presence of blood in cerebrospinal fluid
    4. The presence of blood in the sputum
  36. Troponin is:
    1. A cardiac enzyme
    2. A bacterium
    3. A fungus
    4. A type of X-ra
  37. Pneumonia is:
    1. A type of cancer
    2. Another name for bronchitis
    3. A form of hepatitis
    4. A lung infection
  38. With pneumonia the sputum can appear:
    1. Blood-stained
    2. Thin and watery
    3. Absent
    4. Bluish
  39. Which is not a usual symptom of pneumonia?
    1. Sneezing, sore throat and cough
    2. Pyrexia, rigors and chills
    3. Myalgia, lethargy, dyspnoea
    4. Rash, peeling skin and temperature
  40. A ferritin level test assesses:
    1. The amount of haemoglobin in the body
    2. How much iron may be stored in the body
    3. The ability of the blood to clot
    4. The number of white cells in the body
  41. Iron is absorbed in:
    1. The stomach
    2. The ileum
    3. The jejunum
    4. The duodenum
  42. What is the most important test for iron stores?
    1. Serum calcium
    2. Serum ferritin
    3. Serum iron
    4. None of the abov
  43. Which of the following is not a cause of iron deficiency anaemia?
    1. Chronic blood loss
    2. Infection
    3. Malabsorption
    4. Decreased intake
  44. Platelets are manufactured in:
    1. The large intestine
    2. The liver
    3. The bone marrow
    4. The small intestine
  45. Another name for platelets is:
    1. Thrombocytes
    2. Lymphocytes
    3. Erythrocytes
    4. Leucocytes
  46. Bleeding due to thrombocytopenia often occurs in small vessels, causing:
    1. Infection
    2. Pruritus
    3. Scarring
    4. Petechiae and purpura
  47. Dilutional thrombocytopenia may be caused by:
    1. Overhydration
    2. Excessive drinking
    3. Transfusion of large volumes of blood
    4. Excessive use of diuretic
  48. Leukaemia is:
    1. A cancer of the blood vessels
    2. A cancer of the blood or bone marrow
    3. An infection
    4. A cancer of the stomach
  49. The most common type of leukaemia in adults over 55 is:
    1. Acute lymphatic leukaemia
    2. Acute myeloid leukaemia
    3. Chronic myeloid leukaemia
    4. Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
  50. The term petechiae refers to:
    1. Large raised red or purple spots on the skin
    2. An infection of the skin
    3. Red or purple spots on the skin
    4. A type of deep vein thrombosis

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