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Vaginitis and Vaginosis

Also Known As: Bacterial VaginosisVaginal InfectionYeast InfectionCandidiasisTrichomoniasisTrichVulvovaginitis

vaginitis and vaginosis

What is Vaginitis ?

Vaginitis is a common condition that causes vaginal irritation. This can lead to other types of vaginitis, including bacterial vaginosis.

So … What causes vaginitis? There are a few reasons you might be experiencing it, such as:

  • Using a douche
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Spermicides
  • Hormone levels change from menopause, pregnancy and breastfeeding.

What is Vaginosis ?

Vaginosis is the term we use when the vagina is infected. This is when normal cells are covered with bacteria.

Causes of vaginosis might be:

  • More than one sexual partner
  • Having a new sexual partner
  • Using a douche

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Symptoms of vaginitis :

Symptoms of vaginitis may include:

  • Change in color, odor or amount of discharge from your vagina
  • Vaginal itching or irritation
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Painful urination
  • Light vaginal bleeding or spotting

Symptoms of Vaginosis :

Sometimes there are no symptoms for bacterial vaginosis. When symptoms are present, they may include the following:

  • White or dull grey discharge  
  • Itching of the vagina
  • Strong fishy odor
  • Burning while urinating

How to diagnose Vaginitis ?

Doctor will obtain a sample of vaginal discharge to test for vaginitis using a microscope.

High Vaginal Swab (hvs) : This test for the presence of candidiasis infection, bacterial vaginosis and trichomonas vaginalis.

How to diagnose Vaginosis ?

A sample of vaginal secretions will be obtained and examined under a microscope. We will look for cells that are covered with bacteria. This is a sign that bacterial vaginosis is present.

High Vaginal Swab (HVS) : This test for the presence of candidiasis infection, bacterial vaginosis and trichomonas vaginalis.

Treatment of Vaginitis

  • Pill taken orally
  • Gel or cream to apply to the vagina

Treatment of Vaginosis

  • Prescription gel or cream
  • Oral prescription medication

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