Search Here

Ketone Body

Ketones (ketone bodies) are by-products of fat metabolism, and ketone blood tests are primarily used to detect, and monitor a serious, sometimes life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).

Also Known asSerum Ketones, Plasma Ketones, Beta-hydroxybutyrate, Ketone Bodies, Beta-hydroxybutyric Acid , Acetoacetate, Acetoacetic Acid, Acetone, Ketone Body, Blood Ketone
Test Purpose
Test PreparationsNo Special Preparation Required
Test ComponentsKeytone Body
Specimen2 ML (0.5 ML Min.) Serum From 1 SST. Ship Refrigerated Or Frozen.
Stability Room6 Hrs
Stability Refrigerated12 Hrs
Stability Frozen4 Weeks
Download Report Not Available
Serum Ketone Body

Receive all our future posts instantly in your inbox. Enter your email to enroll.

Why get tested:

To determine the amount of ketones (ketones, acetoacetate, beta-hydroxybutyrate, and acetone) in your blood to help diagnose life-threatening problems such as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA)

When to get tested:

When you have symptoms associated with ketoacidosis, such as increased urination, excessive thirst, dehydration, rapid breathing, and shortness of breath.

Normal Value:

Blood Ketone Bodies: 0.6 – 1.5 mmol/l

Signs And Symptoms

  • This condition is seen in carbohydrates deficiency or starvation or frequent vomiting.
  • The patient will have a thirst and a dry mouth.
  • Increased frequency of urine.
  • There is easy fatigue.
  • There may be nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
  • There is a fruity odor breath.
  • Difficult in concentration and confusion.
  • This condition may become very serious if not treated in time.

Laboratory Diagnosis

  1. Blood glucose: level is 300 to 500 mg/dL or higher.
  2. Ketones bodies: These are positive in the urine and their level in the blood is increased.
  3. Electrolytes: Sodium is decreased.
    1. Potassium is increased.
  4. Blood gasses: There is metabolic acidosis.
    1. The pH is low.
    2. Bicarbonate markedly decreased.

Increased Ketones In:

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis
  • Acute illness, especially in children (febrile illness, Gastroenteritis, dehydration)
  • Alcoholic Ketoacidosis (similar to Starvation Ketosis)
  • Starvation Ketosis
    • Ketoacids increase 10 fold to >1 mmol/L after 3 days of Fasting
  • Type I Glycogen Storage Disease (Von Gierke’s Disease)
  • Isopropanol Ingestion (Isopropyl Alcohol or Rubbing Alcohol)
    • Only found on acetone testing
    • Does NOT raise serum Beta-Hydroxybutyrate levels (most common modern day testing modality)
    • Does not result in a Metabolic Acidosis with Anion Gap

Related Articles:

RSS Error: is invalid XML, likely due to invalid characters. XML error: Invalid document end at line 1731, column 4

Keywords: Bodies, Ketone, Ketone Bodies, ketone body, Ketone bodies (substance), Ketone bodies, Ketone body, Ketone body (substance), Ketone Bodies [Chemical/Ingredient], body ketone, bodies ketones, ketone bodies, body ketones, Ketone body analyte

Possible References Used

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Navigate: Home | Categories | About Us | Authors | Contact Us | Submit News Tips | Advertise | Write for Us
Find us on: Facebook | Twitter | Tumblr | YouTube | Reddit | Pinterest | Instagram
More: RSS | Sitemap | Back to: Top
© 2018-2021 Lab Tests Guide