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MCQ’s Chapter 1 (Doctors)

Some of Common Questions and Answers for Medical Students (Doctors, Nurses, Paramedical and others).

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Questions 01 to 50

01 – 20 MCQ’s
  1. The renal medulla is composed of tissue called.
    1. Renal pyramids
    2. Nephrons
    3. Renal sinus
    4. Renal pelvis
  2. Which of the following is not in the sequence of proper kidney blood flow? The starting point is the renal artery and the finishing point is the renal vein.
    1. Arciform artery
    2. Afferent arteriole
    3. Interlobar vein
    4. Arciform vein
  3. Which is found in the highest concentration in the urine?
    1. Uric acid
    2. Urea
    3. Glucose
    4. Creatinine
  4. The primary function of the ascending loop of Henle in the kidney is?
    1. The active re-absorption of sodium
    2. The active re-absorption of chloride ions
    3. The passive re-absorption of potassium
    4. The passive re-absorption of urea
  5. The middle layer of the urinary bladder is identified as
    1. Mucous coat
    2. Submucous coat
    3. Muscular Coat
    4. Sphincter Coat
  6. The micturition reflex center is located in the ?
    1. Pons
    2. Midbrain
    3. Lumbar plexus
    4. Sacral plexus
  7. Which of the following match with the definition: a poor output of urine?
    1. Oliguria
    2. Pyruia
    3. Enuresis
    4. Diuresis
  8. Capillary loops located in the medulla are also known as 
    1. Vasa recta
    2. Urea collectors
    3. Trigone
    4. Macula densa
  9. The primary function of the descending loop of Henle in the kidney is?
    1. Reabsorption of sodium ions
    2. Reabsoption of water by osmosis
    3. Secretion of hydrogen ions
    4. Secretion of potassium ions
  10. Which Diagnosis and treating abnormalities, diseases, and disorders of the heart.
    1. Cardiology
    2. Urology
    3. Nephrology
    4. Radiology

  1. Which of the following is used to Diagnosing and treating tumors and cancer.
    1. Gynecology
    2. Urology
    3. Oncology
    4. Radiology
  2. Which is Similiar to general practice in nature, but centering around the family unit.
    1. Geriatrics
    2. Pediatrics
    3. Family Practice
    4. Obstetrics
  3. Which of the following is used to Diagnosing and treating conditions of altered immunologic reactivity ?
    1. Allergy
    2. Urology
    3. Radiology
    4. Oncology
  4. Which of the following is used to Diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the female reproductive tract; strong emphasis on preventive measures.
    1. Urology
    2. Neurology
    3. Oncology
    4. Gynecology
  5. Which of the following is used to Diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the central nervous system.
    1. Nephrology
    2. Urology
    3. Neurology
    4. Gynecology
  6. Which of the following is used to Diagnosing and treating disorders and diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
    1. Otorhinolaryngology
    2. Endocrinology
    3. Radiology
    4. Ophthalmology
  7. Which of the following is used to Diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the kidney.
    1. Oncology
    2. Urology
    3. Nephrology
    4. Neurology
  8. Which of the following is used to Diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders with Roentgen rays (x-rays) and other forms of radiant energy.
    1. Urology
    2. Neurology
    3. Cardiology
    4. Radiology
  9. Which of the following is used to Diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin.
    1. Radiology
    2. Cardiology
    3. Neurology
    4. Dermatology
  10. Which of the following is used to Diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the stomach and intestines.
    1. Nephrology
    2. Dermatology
    3. Gastroenterology
    4. Gynecology
  1. The primary function of the descending loop of Henle in the kidney is ?
    1. Reabsorption of sodium ions
    2. Reabsoption of water by osmosis
    3. Secretion of hydrogen ions
    4. Secretion of potassium ions
  2. Which of the following is not considered a part of the male urethra?
    1. Prostatic
    2. Membranous
    3. Vasapore
    4. Penile
  3. When glucose if found in urine it is called.
    1. Glucosuria
    2. Uremia
    3. Ureteritis
    4. Glucose intolerance
  4. Which of the following is not considered a component of kidney stones?
    1. Calcium phosphate
    2. Uric Acid
    3. Calcium oxalate
    4. HCO3
  5. The one of the functions occurring at the distal convoluted tubule in the kidney is?
    1. Passive secretion of hydrogen ions
    2. Passive secretion of potassium ions
    3. Limited re-absorption of water
    4. No re-absorption of sodium
  6. ADH has which of the following effects on the distal convoluted tubule?
    1. Decrease water re-absorption
    2. Increase water re-absorption
    3. Decrease the concentration of urine
    4. Increase the urine volume
  7. Which of the following is not associated with the role of the kidneys?
    1. Release of erythropoietin (hormone)
    2. Release of renin (enzyme)
    3. Release of Vitamin E
    4. Activate Vitamin D
  8. Each kidney contains approximately ______ nephrons.
    1. 10 million
    2. 1 million
    3. 100, 000
    4. 10, 000
  9. The release of Angiotension II causes which of the following to occur?
    1. Increased filtration rate
    2. Decreased glomerular hydrostatic pressure
    3. Increase synthesis of Vitamin E
    4. Increased release of erythropoietin
  10. Which of the following is an effect of a diuretic?
    1. Decreased Cardiac Output
    2. Increased fluid volume
    3. Increased sodium re-absorption
    4. Increased chloride ion re-absorption

  1. Which of the following is not considered a loop diuretic ?
    1. Bumetadine (BUMEX)
    2. Furosemide (LASIX)
    3. Chlorthiazide (DIURIL)
    4. Ethacrynic Acid (EDECRIN)
  2. Which of the following is not one of the key steps in the grief process?
    1. Denial
    2. Anger
    3. Bargaining
    4. Rejection
  3. Which of the following matches the definition: Covering up a weakness by stressing a desirable or stronger trait?
    1. Compensation
    2. Projection
    3. Rationalization
    4. Dysphoria
  4. Which of the following waveforms is most commonly found with light sleepers?
    1. Theta
    2. Alpha
    3. Beta
    4. Zeta
  5. Which of the following months matches with an infant first having the ability to sit-up independently?
    1. 4 months
    2. 6 months
    3. 8 months
    4. 10 months
  6. Object permanence for toddlers develops in this age range?
    1. 5 − 10 months
    2. 10 − 14 months
    3. 12 − 24 months
    4. 15 − 24 months
  7. Which of the following matches the definition: Attributing of our own unwanted trait onto another person?
    1. Compensation
    2. Projection
    3. Rationalization
    4. Dysphoria
  8. Which of the following matches the definition: The justification of behaviors using reason other than the real reason?
    1. Compensation
    2. Projection
    3. Rationalization
    4. Dysphoria
  9. Which of the following matches the definition: Response to severe emotion stress resulting in involuntary disturbance of physical functions?
    1. Conversion disorder
    2. Depressive reaction
    3. Bipolar disorder
    4. Alzheimer’s disease
  10. Which of the following waveforms is most commonly found when you are awake?
    1. Theta
    2. Alpha
    3. Beta
    4. Zeta
  11. The REM sleep cycle occur approximately every ____ minutes?
    1. 45
    2. 60
    3. 75
    4. 90
  12. Which of the following reflexes is not found at birth?
    1. Babinski
    2. Palmar
    3. Moro
    4. Flexion
  13. Parallel play for toddlers develops in this age range?
    1. 5 − 10 months
    2. 10 − 14 months
    3. 12 − 24 months
    4. 24 − 48 months
  14. Which of the following is not a sign of anxiety?
    1. Dyspnea
    2. Hyperventilation
    3. Moist mouth
    4. GI symptoms
  15. Which of the following best describes a person that is completely awake falling asleep spontaneously?
    1. Cataplexy
    2. Narcolepsy
    3. Transitional sleep
    4. REM absence
  16. Which of the following best describes a person that is unable to tell you were there hand or foot is?
    1. Autotopagnosia
    2. Cataplexy
    3. Ergophobia
    4. Anosognosia
  17. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a panic disorder?
    1. Nausea
    2. Excessive perspiration
    3. Urination
    4. Chest pain
  18. Which of the following categories would a 70 year old adult be placed in?
    1. Intimacy vs. Isolation
    2. Generativitiy vs. Stagnation
    3. Integrity vs. Despair
    4. Longevity vs. Guilt
  19. Which of the following categories would a 60 year old adult be placed in?
    1. Intimacy vs. Isolation
    2. Generativitiy vs. Stagnation
    3. Integrity vs. Despair
    4. Longevity vs. Guilt
  20. Which of the following categories would a 20 year old adult be placed in?
    1. Intimacy vs. Isolation
    2. Generativitiy vs. Stagnation
    3. Integrity vs. Despair
    4. Longevity vs. Guilt

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