References Used

  • The following books, journals and the latest literature available are consulted.

Following are the Websites, books and journals.

  • A Manual of Laboratory Diagnostic Tests. Edition 7, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, By Frances Talaska Fischbach, RN, BSN, MSN, and Marshall Barnett Dunning 111, BS, MS, Ph.D.
  • Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests. Third edition, By Kathleen Deska Pagana Ph.D., and Timothy J. Pagana M.D.FACS.
  • The Patient Guide to Medical Tests. Second edition, Joseph C. Segen, M.D, and Josie Wade, R.N.
  • Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease, Professional Edition, 8th Edition, By Vinay Kumar, MBBS, MD, FRCPath, Abul K. Abbas, MBBS, Nelson Fausto, MD, and Jon Aster, MD.
  • Center for Diseases and Prevention (CDC)
  • Mayo Clinic
  • http://jcm.asm.org/content/38/6/2227.full A Comparison of Seven Tests for Serological Diagnosis of Tuberculosis, Sudha Pottumarthy, Virginia C. Wells, and Arthur J. Morris.
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC312910… Path-TB test for the rapid diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis, Roya Alavi-Naini, a,b Maliheh Metanat, a,b Ebrahim Alijani,b, and Hassan Mozaffari.
  • Mayo Clinic. Reducing Substance, Feces http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalo.
  • MedlinePlus
  • Plymouth Hospital NHS
  • Healthline: http://www.healthline.com/health/sputum-fungal-sme…
  • MedicineNet.com for stool examination: http://www.medicinenet.com/rectal_bleeding/symptom…
  • Medline Plus for stool examination: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/00…
  • Healthline for stool examination: http://www.healthline.com/galecontent/stool-ova-pa…
  • About.com for thyroid diseases: http://thyroid.about.com/cs/testsforthyroid/a/free…
  • Thyroid function: http://www.replenishhormones.com/Thyroid.html
  • Lab test online for Tegretol: http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/c…
  • The Body of Total Lipids: http://www.thebody.com/content/art14240.html
  • The free medical dictionary for TPHA Syphilis: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/TPHA
  • Pubmed for Typhidot: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12592993
  • Annual of Tropical Medicine public health
  • The state of Delaware for Gonorrhoeal smears
  • CDC center for disease control and prevention for Gonorrhoea: http://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/STDFact-gonorrhea…
  • AACC annual meeting expo 2013 for Heroin in urine. http://www.clinchem.org/content/47/2/301.full
  • Pubmed.gov for heroin detection: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12075726
  • WebMD for urine phosphate: http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/phosphate-in-ur…
  • MedlinePlus for urine urea: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/00…
  • For 24 hours urine urea: http://www.pathology.uci.edu/PathologyServicesManu…
  • Barnes Jewish hospital for urine urea: http://bjhlab.testcatalog.org/show/1546
  • Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for typhoid fever: http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases…
  • About Chemistry for washing of glassware. http://chemistry.about.com/od/chemistrylabexperime…
  • MUSC Health for INR: http://www.muschealth.com/lab/content.aspx?id=1503…
  • Oxford Handbook of Clinical Pathology, James Carton, Oxford University Press 2012
  • Oxford Clinical Pathology. James Carton, Richard Daly, Pramila Ramani. Oxford University Press 2007.
  • A Guide to Laboratory investigation 5th edition 2008. Michael Mcghee. Radcliffe Publishing Ltd. The United Kingdom.
  • MedlinePlus for chromosomal analysis: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/00…
  • CDC Center for Disease control and prevention for EBV: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/ebv.htm
  • MedlinePlus for TORCH profile: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/00…
  • TEITZ Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. 4th edition. Edited by Carl A.Burtis, Edward R. Ashwood, and David E.Bruns
  • Teitz Fundamental of Clinical Chemistry 5th edition. Edited by Carl A.Burtis, Edward R.Ashwood.
  • WebMD for antiviral therapy for HIV patients. http://www.webmd.com/hiv-aids/cd4-count-what-does-…
  • Lancet for HIV CD count and treatment: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S…
  • MedicineNet.com for homocysteine: http://www.medicinenet.com/homocysteine/article.ht…
  • MedlinePlus for homocystinuria: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/00…
  • Clinical laboratory Pearls. Editor Steven L. Jones. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins 2001.
  • Medicine Science and more for Field stain: http://medicine-science-and-more.com/preparation-o…
  • WHO staining protocol for field strain A and B: http://www.tropeduweb.ch/Parasitology_Methods_PDF/…
  • MUSC Health for Renin: http://www.muschealth.com/lab/content.aspx?id=1504…
  • Mayo Clinic for Rubella: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/rubella/DS00332
  • CDC for Rubella: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/rubella/in-sho…
  • Conversion of SI and conventional unit. Globalrph RPH, the clinician’s ultimate reference.
  • Acetylcholinesterase and pseudocholinesterase. http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalo… http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/00…
  • Dengue fever by Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dengue_fever#Diagnosi…
  • Dengue fever, CDC   http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/
  • Clinical guide to laboratory tests. Third edition by Norbert W.Tietz
  • Ebola Virus. WHO article http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en…
  • Ebola Virus. CDC http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/prevention/index.html
  • Bringing up the children. Netdoctor http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/health_advice/facts/upb…
  • Acute leukemias Merck Manual. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology_and_oncology/leukemias/overview_of_leukemia.html
  • Ulcerative colitis by Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ulcerative-colitis/basics/symptoms/con-20043763
  • Pathology a study guide. By Ivan Damjanov and Emanual Rubin.
  • Miller D. Normal values and examination of blood. Blood diseases of infancy and childhood. St, Louis C V Mosby 1984:21,22
  • Quick Compendium of Clinical Pathology (ASCP). 2nd edition 2009 American Society for Clinical Pathology. Daniel D Mais, MD
  • Prenatal tube defect. http://www.questdiagnostics.com/testcenter/testgui…
  • Tumor marker  CA 19 – 9 (Medscape) http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2087513-over…
  • Clinical Laboratory Pearls. Steven L. Jones. 2001 by Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
  • Saunders Manual of Clinical Laboratory Science. Craig A. Lehmann Ph.D., CC(NRCC).W.B. Saunders Company
  • Widmann’s Interpretation of Laboratory Tests
  • Ronald A. Sacher and Richard A. McPherson. F.A Davis Company Philadelphia
  • Lynch’s Medical Laboratory Technology by Stanley S. Raphael F.R.C. Path. W.B. Saunders Company
  • Basic Medical Laboratory Techniques by Barbara H. Estridge, Anna P. Reynolds, and Norman J. Walter. Delmar Thomson Learning (Printed in the USA).
  • Medical Laboratory Procedures by Mary Ellen Wedding and Sally A. Toenjes. F.A. Davis Company Philadelphia (second edition 1998)
  • Urinalysis and Body Fluids. Susan King Strasinger and Marjorie Schaub Di Lorenzo. F.A. Davis Company Philadelphia.
  • Medical Parasitology by Markel and Voge’s. (Markell, John, Krotoski). WB Saunders company
  • Foundation of Parasitology by Larry S.Roberts and John Janovy Jr.  WCB Wm .C. Brown Publishers 
  • Essential Haematolgy, A.V Hoffbrand, P.A.H. Moss, and J.E.Pettit    5th edition, 2006, Blackwell Publication.
  • Notes on Medical Bacteriology by J. Douglas Sleigh, Morag C. Timbury,   Churchill Livingstone.
  • McGraw- Hills Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests by Denise D. Wilson, Ph.D., APN, FNP, ANP associate Professor Illinois state university.    McGraw Hill Companies, Inc.
  • Clinical Chemistry: Interpretation and Techniques by Alex Kaplan, LaVerne L. Szabo,  Lea and Febiger Philadelphia.
  • Essential medical virology by Pumper and Yamashiroya, the W. B.  Saunders company.
  • linne and Ringsrud’s Clinical Laboratory Science, The basics and Routine Techniques. by Mary L.Turgeon, EdD, CLS (NCA),  Mosby Elsevier.
  • Clinical parasitology, A practical approach, by Elizabeth A. Ziebig, B.S., MT(ASCP). W.B.Sauders company.
  • Pathophysiology, The biologic basis For Diseases in adults and Children by Kathryn L. McCance, RN, Ph.D. and SUE E. Huther, RN, Ph.D., Mosby Inc. 2002.
  • Immunology and Serology in Laboratory Medicine by Marry Louise Turgeon, Ed.D., M.T. (ASCP), CLS (NCA).  Mosby Inc.
  • N.Gonorrhea: https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/gonorrhea.htm
  •  The simple method to prepare the hemolysate for Hb electrophoresis.  =  http://clinchem.aaccjnls.org/content/11/6/628
  • Another method to prepare the hemolysate for Hb electrophoresis.      =  http://smj.medicine.psu.ac.th/index.php/smj/article/view/348
  • Human papillomavirus =  Healio hemoncotoday
  • https://cardiophile.org/ecg-changes-in-hypomagnesemia-mechanism/    ECG changes in low magnesium.
  • http://www.labpedia.net/tests/71/edit?next=/test/71       TB gelification test result.
  • Source 1   Clinical guide to laboratory tests by Norbert W. Tietz
  • Source 2     Diagnostic Mosby’s and laboratory tests reference by  Kathleen Deska Pagana and Timothy J. Pagana
  • Source 3    Saunders Manual of Clinical Laboratory Science  by Craige A. Lehmann
  • Source 4    A manual of Laboratory  Diagnostic  Tests by Frances Fischbach
  • Source 5    McGraw-Hill’s  Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic tests
  • Source 6  Mosby’s manual of diagnostic tests by Pagana, Pagana.
  • For normal values of Folic acid (Folate)       https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2085523-overview
  • CA 72-4    http://www.roche-diagnostics.ch/content/dam/corporate/roche-dia_ch/documents/broschueren/professional_diagnostics/serumarbeitsplatz/immunologie/tumor-marker/EN_CA72-4_FactSheet.pdf  
  • Complement C3 deficiency          https://www.omim.org/entry/613779#creationDate
  • More then one Referances used : https://laboratoryinfo.com/
  • More then one Referances used : https://microbiologyinfo.com/
  • More then one Referances used : https://labtestsonline.org/
  • More then one Referances used : http://www.labpedia.net/
  • More then one Referances used : https://www.healthline.com/
  • More then one Referances used : https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/
  • ExamRace: https://www.examrace.com/
  • More then one Referances used : https://microbenotes.com/
  • Paget, E.G., and Thompson, R. (1979) Standard operating procedures, in Pathology, MTP Press, Lancaster, pp 134–139.
  • European Course on the Pathology & E m b r y o l o g y of Genetically Engineered Animals (2005). At URL http://www.eurogems-2005.com/ links.php.
  • Histology Procedure Manuals (1994). At URL http://library.med.utah.edu/WebPath/ HISTHTML/MANUALS/MANUALS.html. Leong, A.S.-Y. (1994) Fixation and fixatives, in Laboratory histopathology, a complete reference (Woods, A.E., and Ellis, R.C., eds), Churchill Livingstone, New York, Vol. 1, pp 4.1-1/4.2-26.
  • Revised Guides for Organ Sampling and Trimming in Rats and Mice (2003). At URL http://reni.item.fraunhofer.de/reni/ trimming/index.php. Ruehl-Fehlert, C., Kittel, B., Morawietz, G., Deslex, P., Keenan, C., Mahrt, C.R., Nolte, T.,
  • Robinson, M., Stuart, B.P., and Deschl, U. (2003) Revised guides for organ sampling and trimming in rats and mice – Part 1. Exp. Toxic. Pathol. 55, 91–106.
  • Kittel, B., Ruehl-Fehlert, C., Morawietz, G., Klapwijk, J., Elwell, M.R., Lenz, B., O’Sullivan, M.G., Roth, D.R., and Wadsworth, P.F. (2004) Revised guides for organ sampling and trimming in rats and mice – Part 2. Exp. Toxic. Pathol. 55, 413–431.