Antibodies to extractable nuclear antigens (ENAs) are autoantibodies produced when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own tissues. The ENA panel detects these autoantibodies in the blood to help diagnose autoimmune disorders.
Gram-positive bacteria are the genus of bacteria family and a member of the phylum Firmicutes. These bacteria retain the colour of the crystal violet stain which is used during gram staining.
The ovary is a ductless reproductive gland in which female reproductive cells are produced. Females have a pair of ovaries, supported by a membrane next to the uterus on each side of the lower abdomen.
Pancreas plays an essential role in converting the food we eat into fuel for the body’s cells. The pancreas has two main functions: an exocrine function that aids in digestion and an endocrine function that regulates blood sugar.