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Also Known as: HT, HTN, High blood pressure

Hypertension is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. High blood pressure typically does not cause symptoms. Long-term high blood pressure, however, is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral arterial disease, vision loss, chronic kidney disease, and dementia.

Sign and Symptoms:

If your blood pressure is extremely high, there may be certain symptoms to look out for,including:

  • Severe headache
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Vision problems
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears

Causes of Hypertension:

Although it may not be possible to identify the cause of hypertension, several factors are known to increase the risk and worsen high blood pressure. These include:

  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle – not getting enough exercise
  • Smoking cigarettes or using other tobacco products
  • Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol
  • Excessive dietary sodium
  • Use of oral contraceptives or hormone therapy
  • Use of drugs such as steroids, cocaine, and amphetamines
  • Aging
  • Family history

Possible References Used

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